Bedding & mattresses: Our most significant exposure to dust mites will occur in bed since we spend at least eight hours there. So, use a dust mite cover on your mattress and pillows. These covers are designed to create a sterile environment for dust mites and can effectively reduce their population. Another option is to use dust mite-proof sheets when you sleep. These sheets are usually made of silk or polyester and can create a barrier that dust mites cannot penetrate.
Vacuuming: Effectively removes dust mites from your mattress, but it's essential to do it regularly. For best results, vacuum your mattress at least once a week using a vacuum with a HEPA filter. The ideal time is when you're washing your bedding. Keep the dust mite cover on (see Laundry below for instructions for washing covers).
Dust: Dust weekly with a damp cloth or dust mop.
Humidity levels: Since dust mites thrive in humid environments, keeping the level in your home low can help reduce their population. One way to reduce the humidity in your home is to use a dehumidifier, which can be placed in any room and will reduce the amount of moisture in the air.
Air conditioners also effectively reduce humidity levels in your home; here's how they work. First, air conditioners draw air from your home and pass it over a refrigerant coil. Next, this coil is cooled by a Freon gas, which also causes the air to cool. The cooled air is then blown back into your home. At the same time, the air conditioner also removes moisture from the air. This moisture collects on the evaporator coil, where it is emptied outside your home.
Also, turn on ventilation fans in your kitchen when cooking, your bathroom when bathing, and your laundry room when washing clothes.
By taking these measures, you can reduce the amount of moisture in the air and create a more comfortable environment for you, but not for dust mites.
Laundry: Wash bedding in hot water (at least 130 degrees Fahrenheit) once a week. A dust mite's life cycle is only about two months long, but in that time, a female can lay up to 80 eggs, so hot water and frequent washings are wise ideas.
Carpeting, upholstery: Run your vacuum several times a week. And on upholstered furniture at least once a week. You can try using a HEPA filter in your vacuum cleaner. A HEPA filter will help trap dust mites and other allergens, making it easier to keep your home free of them.
Children's toys: A favorite stuffed pet might be hard to get rid of if your child has a dust mite allergy. Wash the stuffed animal in hot water (130 degrees) weekly. If that's not possible, put the stuffed "lovey" in the freezer overnight. This should kill the dust mites.
Hard flooring: Weekly damp mop hard surface floors. Be sure to wipe the corners where dust collects.
Other ideas: Install a HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) purifier in your bedroom and in other rooms in your home that you tend to frequent.
Change your HVAC (Heating, Ventilation Air Conditioning) filter regularly. Choose a MERV filter (Minimum Efficiency Reporting Values) rated to help clean your home's air.
Remove carpeting and upholstered furniture in your home if possible.
Remove curtains in your bedroom.
Try an Allergen Spray: Use an allergen spray directly on mattresses, soft surfaces, carpeting, and more. Our allergen spray is lab verified to reduce dust mites!